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Ismail Samani

Abu Ibrahim Ismail ibn Ahmad Samani, also known as Ismail Samani emir from the Samanid dynasty, the founder of the state in Central Asia. Ismail was the governor of his brother Nasr in Bukhara (874–892). In 888, he defeated his brother, but retained his power. Only after the death of his brother did he become …

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Avicenna

Ibn Sina (Persian: ابن سینا‎), also known as Abu Ali Sina (ابوعلی سینا), Pur Sina (پورسینا), and often known in the west as Avicenna (/ˌævɪˈsɛnə, ˌɑːvɪ-/; c. 980 – June 1037) was a Persian[7][8][9] polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant physicians, astronomers, thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age, and the father of early modern medicine.[11][12][13] Avicenna is also called “the most influential philosopher of the …

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Abul-Qâsem Ferdowsi Tusi

Abul-Qâsem Ferdowsi Tusi (Persian: ابوالقاسم فردوسی طوسی‎; c. 940–1020), or just Ferdowsi (فردوسی) was a Persian poet and the author of Shahnameh (“Book of Kings”), which is one of the world’s longest epic poems created by a single poet, and the national epic of Greater Iran. Ferdowsi is celebrated as the most influential figure in Persian literature and one of the greatest in the history of literature. Ferdowsi belonged to …

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Emomali Rahmon

Emomali Rahmon (Tajik: Эмомалӣ Раҳмон, romanized: Emomalî Rahmon/Emomalī Rahmon; born 5 October 1952) is a Tajikistani politician who has served as President of Tajikistan (or its equivalent post) since 1992. His rule is commonly regarded as a dictatorship. Early life Rahmon was born as Emomali Sharipovich Rakhmonov (Russian: Эмомали́ Шари́пович Рахмо́нов, romanized: Emomali Šaripovič Rahmonov) to Sharif Rahmonov and Mayram Sharifova, a peasant family in Danghara, Kulob Oblast (present-day Khatlon province). From …

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Mirzo Tursunzoda

Mirzo Tursunzoda (Tajik: Мирзо Турсунзода, 2 May 1911 — 24 September 1977) was an important Tajikistani poet and a prominent political figure. Today Tursunzoda has been elevated to the level of a national hero of Tajikistan. Tursunzoda’s face appears on the front of the one Somoni note. The town of Tursunzoda is named in his honor. Dushanbe’s Memorial and Literature Museum was founded in …

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Bobojon Ghafurov

Bobojon Ghafurov (18 December 1908 – 12 July 1977) (Tajiki: Бобоҷон Ғафуров) or Babadzan Gafurovich Gafurov (Russian: Бободжан Гафурович Гафуров) was a Tajik historian, academician, and the author of several books published in Russian and Tajik, including History of Tajikistan and The Tajiks. Ghafurov, the son of poet Roziya Ozod, was born in the village of Isfisar near Khujand in Tajikistan. He received his PhD from the Institute of History …

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Shirinsho Shotemur

Shotemur was born on December 1, 1899 in Shughnon District, Tajikistan, to a poor farmer family. At the age of 13 Shotemur started assisting his family on the field. From 1914 to 1918 he worked at a factory in Tashkent. In 1921 he began pursuing a political career and was sent back to the Pamirs as a member of the political-military …

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Nusratullo Maksum

Nusratullo Maksum (Tajik: Нусратулло Махсум; 1 July 1881 – 1 November 1937) also known as Nusratullo Lutfullayev, was a Tajikstani Soviet politician. He was a recipient of the Order of the Red Banner. From March 1931 to January 1934 he served on the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union as the representative of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. He was executed …

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Sadriddin Ayni

Ayni was born in a peasant family in the village of Soktare in what was then the Emirate of Bukhara. He became an orphan at 12 and moved to join his older brother in Bukhara, where he attended a madrasa and learned to write in Arabic. In the early 1920s Ayni helped to propagate the Russian Revolution in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. …

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